At Crawley Green the reception children follow the Foundation Stage curriculum, which recognises that children arrive at school at differing stages of understanding and development and enables all children to develop at their own pace.
Children learn most effectively through play and practical, hands on activities. Their understanding is developed through playing, talking, observing, planning, questioning, experimenting, testing, repeating and reflecting and through interaction with adults and each other.
The children will be engaged in whole class activities and individual learning opportunities and will also be playing co-operatively in small groups.
The Foundation Stage curriculum is divided into 6 areas of development:
PSED = Personal, Social and Emotional Development
This area develops the children’s confidence, independence and self-esteem to ensure that they become enthusiastic, confident learners and speakers, able to co-operate with others, respecting others’ opinions, customs and beliefs.
They develop their concentration and perseverance. They become independent and able to look after their own needs and belongings. They learn to understand right from wrong and the consequences of their actions, promoting respect for others.
CLL = Communication, Language and Literacy
This area is divided into four parts, Language for Communication and Thinking, Linking Sounds and Letters, Reading, and Writing. The children are encouraged to:
· Develop their skill in communicating within a group and in a one to one situation, expressing their ideas and listening and responding to others
· Become more attentive listeners, enjoying and responding to stories, rhymes and music
· Extend their vocabulary and be able to use language in a range of situations
· Begin to match letters to sounds and use that knowledge to read and write simple words
· Write their own name and other words, beginning to form simple sentences using correctly formed letters
· Develop a love of language and books and foster an interest in reading
· Begin to read familiar words and sentences
PSRN = Problem Solving, Reasoning and Number
This area of learning has three parts: Numbers as Labels and for Counting, Calculating, and Shape, Space and Measures.
The children are encouraged to:
· Count reliably and recognise numbers to at least 10
· Develop an understanding of addition and subtraction and use the vocabulary involved in these activities
· Develop their mathematical language and use it appropriately in problem solving and begin to understand the language of comparison such as bigger, smaller, longer, shorter, heavier, lighter
· Recognise and describe basic shapes and simple patterns
· Develop an understanding of money during role play and through practical activities
KUW = Knowledge and Understanding of the World
This area of the curriculum provides the foundation for later study of subjects such as science, history, geography and technology. We encourage the children to:
· Develop their natural curiosity by providing opportunities to find out about the living world
· Select materials and tools to design and make a range of models
· Develop their confidence and skill in using the computer, tape recorder and programmable toys
· Develop some idea about past and present
· Find out about their own environment and talk about what they like or dislike about it
· Begin to know about the cultures and beliefs of others
CD = Creative Development
In order to develop the children’s creativity, we aim to provide:
· Opportunities for children to explore a range of art and craft materials and to use them to communicate their ideas and feelings
· Opportunities to explore a range of musical instruments and to learn simple songs and rhymes
· Opportunities for children to express themselves through role play, drama, movement and music
PD = Physical Development
In this area of development we aim to:
· Develop children’s control, co-ordination and spatial awareness when moving, travelling, balancing and climbing
· Develop skills and confidence when using a range of small and large equipment
· Develop children’s understanding of the importance of keeping healthy and how this can be achieved
· Develop the safe use of tools and construction materials showing increasing control
· Provide opportunities and resources for structured and child-initiated activities indoors and outside
How can I help at home?
Everything you do with your child is a possible learning experience; however, learning is enhanced when the activity is made interesting and enjoyable.
Here are a few suggestions:
Remember to encourage and praise achievements, however small.
Allow them to struggle a little before offering help.
· Teach and sing together rhymes and songs
· Counting up and down the stairs
· Counting houses, buses seen, red cars etc
· Count forwards and backwards
· Once they are confident counters - count in 2s and 10s
· Lay the table together, counting cutlery and plates
· Teach them to use scissors safely and effectively
· Set aside time for ‘messy’ play
· Play at throwing and catching a ball
· Read books and talk about the story
· Visit the library regularly
· Encourage and join in their imaginative play
· Play games such as snakes and ladders and dominoes; encourage your child to take turns and persevere to the end of the game; don’t always let them win, teach them to accept losing sometimes
· Point out and read together signs and notices when out and about
· Give a few coins to spend, talking about the value of coins, change given etc
· Talk about the sequence of the day, e.g. after we do this, we will do that
· Talk about past family outings, events etc; encourage your child to recall past events
· Look at photos of when you were young; talk about similarities/differences in your childhood experiences and your child’s